TOURISM AND ACTIVITIES

GENERAL INFORMATION

Area                                                     :4.685km2

Population                                         :975.137 (2000)

NumberPlate No for the city    : 61

 

Akcaabat

Most of thesources that had enlightened  the establishmentof Akcaabat has vanished. Structures that had belonged to era of Roma,Byzantine and even to the Ottoman era has been destroyed and burnt down. Thedocuments, memoires, gifts which had especially enlightened the near past ofAkcaabat, has been looted during the Russian invasion that took place betweenthe years of 1916 and 1918.

 

This had tobe reason behind the fact that there have not been much of the opinions, whichhad been put forward in relation to the period of the establishment of the town.However, most of the events that had taken place in the history of Trabzon havealso influenced Akcaabat since it is located near Trabzon. In fact Akcaabat islike as if it is a district of Trabzon rather than being its county. It is aknown fact about Akcaabat that  it is theonly natural port of Trabzon, whereas it is the most important commercialcenter of the Eastern Black Sea Region.

 

Before theconstruction of the quay in Trabzon, cargo and passenger vessels around thearea had to take shelter  at the Akcaabatport during stormy weather. Akcaabat, which has the feature of being a naturalport, has been the shelter for commercial and military ships visiting the areathroughout the history.

 

One of theopinions that has been put forward with regards to the establishment era of Akcaabatis as the following: The old name for Akcaabat was Pulathane. To be moreprecise, the place, where the town center is located today used to be called Pulathaneand the surrounding area Akcaabat. During those days when the Greek peopleliving in Trabzon used to be idolatrous,  the Greek people living in Pulathane used to worship the poplar tree. Asa matter of fact, Pulathane had meant poplar tree in Greek language. Thisregion, where these people who worshipped the poplar tree, had been named as Pulathane.In later days, it had taken the name of “Akcaabat”, which means “prospered richman” since the public were rich.

 

It ispossible to list the important events in chronological order as the following;

700 BC,Akcaabat was an extension of Millet commercial colonies.

312 BC, Akcaabatwas conquered by the Pontus Kingdom,

1214, Akcaabatwas conquered by the Trabzon Greek Empire.

1461, Akcaabatwas annexed into the land of the Ottoman Empire together with Trabzon by FatihSultan Mehmet. There is a castle, whose walls are still standing, in a placecalled Akcakale, located 10 km west of Akcaabat. When Fatih annexed Trabzon andAkcaabat, local community had escape to the castle and resisted against theOttoman armed forces.

 

1810, themost important event of the Ottoman times with regards to the history ofAkcaabat is the SARGANA EPIC that took place during the month of Ramadan in1810. On that year, a Russian Navy Fleet that has consisted of 18 ships wantedto make landing on the Sargana region of Akcaabat and attempted to occupy the area.  However, Russian forces could not take holdagainst the heroic resistance of the public of Akcaabat and the people comingfrom surrounding areas and have been defeated and went back.

 

1884,Akcaabat has gained the county identity as the requirement of the OrganisationalRegulations.

20th ofApril 1916, Czarism Russian forces, which has attempted to occupy the EasternBlack Sea Region in during the First World war, they occupied Trabzon first on18th of April 1916 and Akcaabat two days later on 20th of April 1916.

 

17thFebruary 1918, this occupation has not lasted long however and Akcaabat, whichhas been freed of the occupation on 17th February 1918, has become acounty, which had grown fast during the Republic period in fields such asculture, arts, education, commerce and a rich county that deserved its name.

 

 

 

Arakli

Theprehistoric times of Arakli had not been enlightened through archeologicalworks as it is the case for many other places in the Eastern Black Sea Region.However, it makes one to think that settlement in the county could not havebeen much later than the settlement in Trabzon for the fact that it had beenestablished over the land, which the Silk Road reaches out to the Black Sea, asit had been the most lively route of the East-West trade for thousands of yearsand  for the fact that it had commercialvalue as well as geo-strategic values. 

 

Themountains, which surrounds the Eastern Black Sea Region from the south and whichmakes defending  of the region easy, haveavoided the authorities of the sovereign states that ruled the Anatolia overthe region and changing of the regional culture through commercial and similarrelationships for rather long period of time and had caused for the creation ofhuman type that adopted to live by being self- sufficient. It is known that thecommunity, which processed the mines of the region during the Hittites times,had purchases mines from the Halibs and the Assyrians have arrived from WesternIran and had limited amount of commercial relationship with the region.

 

The regionhad undergone its first colonial visit by the Miletus during years of 750 BC.However the colonialists could not have found the opportunity to settle downduring those years because of the raids of Cimmerians coming over fromCaucasus. Scythians, Meds and Persians had conquered the region for shortduration of times following the Cimmerians. Ksenefon, who had stated about thecommunity living around Trabzon and about information with regards tocharacteristics, living styles and characters of them, has included the warbetween the Kolhs, who are the local community of the region and the Macronsthat has witnesses during his travels between Bayburt and Trabzon in 400 BC inhis book with the name of Anabasis. As it has been approved by other sources,people of the region used to be warriors and used to occupy themselves withbeekeeping, fruit cultivation and mining as well as benefiting from the sea.